How does the coffee production line work?

Every time you go to cafe to buy a cup of coffee or travel to buy specialty coffee beans, have you ever thought about how the production line involved works?

The coffee supply chain is a series of activities and participants from the cultivation, harvest, processing, trading, and final consumption of coffee beans. This supply chain includes coffee farmers, traders, roasters, retailers and consumers, which are closely linked.

🌏Coffee planting and harvesting
The starting point of the coffee supply chain is the growing and harvesting of coffee beans. Coffee trees require specific climate and soil conditions to grow and are concentrated in tropical and subtropical regions. Farmers plant coffee trees, patiently wait for the coffee cherries to ripen, and then harvest them, a process that requires patience and expertise to ensure the quality of the beans.

🌏Processing of raw coffee beans
After the coffee is harvested, the coffee beans need to be processed. There are two common processing methods: solarization and water washing. The solarization process is to dry the coffee beans in the sun and then remove the outer layer of pulp and skin. Water washing processing is to soak coffee beans in water, remove the pulp and peel, and then ferment and wash. The processing process has an important influence on the final coffee flavor and quality.

🌏Coffee trade and distribution
The processed green coffee beans are usually purchased by coffee traders, who buy the beans from farmers and then distribute and sell them. These traders operate globally, exporting coffee beans to other countries or supplying them to domestic roasters. They are responsible for logistics, quality control and price negotiation.

🌏Coffee beans roasting and packaging
After the coffee beans arrive at the roasting plant, they will be roasted and made. During the roasting process, the flavor and aroma of the coffee beans change from the native green of the raw beans to a caramel or dark brown color. Roasters roast coffee beans into different taste and flavor characteristics according to different roasting degrees and flavor designs.

🌏Coffee Retail and Consumption
The roasted coffee beans eventually reach the retailer's hands, and then the barista is transferred to the guest's hands. Coffee manufacturers and coffee bean buyers usually use strict cup testing technology to control the quality process to ensure that the freshness and quality of coffee beans are protected during transportation.

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